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The Binitarian Nature of the Holy Bible’s supreme proof text for the unity of God

Appendix A – What about the Holy Spirit?

Sam Shamoun

Some readers may assume that by focusing primarily on the inspired Scriptural witness to God’s binitarian nature our intention was to deny that God is actually tri-Personal. However, our emphasis was not meant to undermine the scores of Scriptural references affirming that there is another Divine Person of God, namely the Holy Spirit. Our purpose in singling out the fact that God, at the very least, exists as two distinct Persons was to refute those who argue that the Holy Bible in general, and the Shema in particular, teach that God is a singular Person. Besides, if God is a Trinity then there is no problem with quoting verses that point to two Divine Persons, especially when none of these texts deny that there is a third Divine member of God as well.

In this appendix, we will briefly go through some of the many verses which prove that the Holy Spirit is a fully Divine Person who is distinct from both the Father and the Son.

According to the inspired Scriptures the Holy Spirit is not only the Spirit of the Lord, but he himself is the Lord!

“Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. And we all, with unveiled face, beholding the glory of the Lord, are being changed into his likeness from one degree of glory to another; for this comes from the Lord who is the Spirit.” 2 Corinthians 3:17-18

The Spirit’s sovereign authority as Lord is clearly seen in Acts since, all throughout the book, the Spirit is depicted as commanding and assigning specific tasks to particular members of the Church, as well as determining when and where they will go:

“While Peter was still thinking about the vision, the Spirit said to him, ‘Simon, three men are looking for you. So get up and go downstairs. Do not hesitate to go with them, for I have sent them.’” Acts 10:19-20

“Now the apostles and the brethren who were in Judea heard that the Gentiles also had received the word of God. So when Peter went up to Jerusalem, the circumcision party criticized him, saying, “Why did you go to uncircumcised men and eat with them?’ But Peter began and explained to them in order: ‘I was in the city of Joppa praying; and in a trance I saw a vision, something descending, like a great sheet, let down from heaven by four corners; and it came down to me. Looking at it closely I observed animals and beasts of prey and reptiles and birds of the air. And I heard a voice saying to me, “Rise, Peter; kill and eat.” But I said, “No, Lord; for nothing common or unclean has ever entered my mouth.” But the voice answered a second time from heaven, “What God has cleansed you must not call common.” This happened three times, and all was drawn up again into heaven. At that very moment three men arrived at the house in which we were, sent to me from Caesarea. And the Spirit told me to go with them, making no distinction.” Acts 11:1-12

“In the church at Antioch there were prophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen (who had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch) and Saul. While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, ‘Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.’ So after they had fasted and prayed, they placed their hands on them and sent them off. The two of them, sent on their way by the Holy Spirit, went down to Seleucia and sailed from there to Cyprus.” Acts 13:1-4

“Paul and his companions traveled throughout the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been kept by the Holy Spirit from preaching the word in the province of Asia. When they came to the border of Mysia, they tried to enter Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus would not allow them to.” Acts 16:6-7

Hence, the one sovereign Lord whom believers worship and confess is tri-Personal since he exists as the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit!

The Scriptures further teach that the Holy Spirit is God speaking to and through the prophets:

“These are the last words of David: ‘The oracle of David son of Jesse, the oracle of the man exalted by the Most High, the man anointed by the God of Jacob, Israel's singer of songs: The Spirit of the LORD spoke through me; HIS word was on my tongue. The God of Israel spoke, the Rock of Israel said to me …’” 2 Samuel 23:1-3

In fact, the NT writers take specific OT texts where Yahweh is speaking and applies them to the Holy Spirit, thereby identifying the Holy Spirit as Yahweh God. Note, for instance, the following example:

“Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying, ‘Whom shall I send? And who will go for us?’ And I said, ‘Here am I. Send me!’ He said, ‘Go and tell this people: “Be ever hearing, but never understanding; be ever seeing, but never perceiving.” Make the heart of this people calloused; make their ears dull and close their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed.’” Isaiah 6:8-10

“They disagreed among themselves and began to leave after Paul had made this final statement: ‘The Holy Spirit spoke the truth to your forefathers when he said through Isaiah the prophet: “Go to this people and say, ‘You will be ever hearing but never understanding; you will be ever seeing but never perceiving.’ For this people's heart has become calloused; they hardly hear with their ears, and they have closed their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts and turn, and I would heal them.”’ Acts 28:25-27

Paul takes the words which Isaiah claims were spoken by Yahweh and attributes them to the Holy Spirit! Here is another one:

“Come, let us bow down in worship, let us kneel before the LORD our Maker; for he is our God and we are the people of his pasture, the flock under his care. Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as you did at Meribah, as you did that day at Massah in the desert, where your fathers tested and tried ME, though they had seen what I did. For forty years I was angry with that generation; I said, ‘They are a people whose hearts go astray, and they have not known MY ways.’ So I declared on oath in MY anger, ‘They shall never enter MY rest.’” Psalm 95:7-11

So, as the Holy Spirit says: ‘Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as you did in the rebellion, during the time of testing in the desert, where your fathers tested and tried ME and for forty years saw what I did. That is why I was angry with that generation, and I said, “Their hearts are always going astray, and they have not known MY ways.” So I declared on oath in MY anger, “They shall never enter MY rest.”’” Hebrews 3:7-11

The author of Hebrews claims that the words which Yahweh spoke in Psalm 95 were actually spoken by the Holy Spirit!

And now to our final example:

“‘The time is coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to them,’ declares the LORD. ‘This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time,’ declares the LORD. ‘I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, “Know the LORD,” because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest,’ declares the LORD. ‘For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.’” Jeremiah 31:31-34

The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: ‘This is the covenant I will make with them after that time, says the Lord. I will put my laws in their hearts, and I will write them on their minds.’ Then he adds: ‘Their sins and lawless acts I will remember no more.’” Hebrews 10:15-17

According to the prophet Jeremiah, Yahweh would someday make a new covenant with Israel where he would remove their sins and remember them no more. However, Hebrews asserts that it was actually the Holy Spirit who told Jeremiah that he would be the One who would eventually make such a covenant with his people!

The Holy Spirit even has God’s unique attributes such as omnipresence, omniscience and eternality/uncreatedness:

Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence? If I go up to the heavens, you are there; if I make my bed in the depths, you are there. If I rise on the wings of the dawn, if I settle on the far side of the sea, even there your hand will guide me, your right hand will hold me fast. If I say, ‘Surely the darkness will hide me and the light become night around me,’ even the darkness will not be dark to you; the night will shine like the day, for darkness is as light to you.” Psalm 139:7-12

Who has understood the Spirit of the LORD, or instructed him as his counselor? Whom did the LORD consult to enlighten him, and who taught him the right way? Who was it that taught him knowledge or showed him the path of understanding?” Isaiah 40:13-14

“However, as it is written: ‘No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him’— but God has revealed it to us by his Spirit. The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God. For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man's spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. We have not received the spirit of the world but the Spirit who is from God, that we may understand what God has freely given us.” 1 Corinthians 2:9-12

“How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!” Hebrews 9:14

In fact, to blaspheme the Holy Spirit is the one sin that God will never forgive (cf. Matthew 12:31-32; Mark 3:28-29; Luke 12:8-10). This demonstrates the Divine honor and dignity that the Holy Spirit possesses.

The Holy Bible has a lot more to say concerning the Divine Personality of the Holy Spirit. For instance, the Holy Spirit is said to be the Creator and Sustainer, the One who revives and replenishes creation. The Spirit was even responsible for causing Mary to conceive the very human nature and physical body that the Lord Jesus Christ took in order to become man. (Cf. Gen. 1:1-2, 26; 2:7; Job 33:4; Psalm 104:29-30; Isa. 32:14-15; Matt. 1:18, 20; Luke 1:35).

Moreover, the Holy Spirit is identified as the Redeemer who gives spiritual life to God’s people and empowers them through his abiding presence to live a holy and godly life. The inspired Scriptures even teach that the Holy Spirit resurrects the dead, and is responsible for distributing God’s gifts to believers. (Cf. Exod. 31:1-6; 35:30-31; Num. 11:16-17, 24-29; Deut.34:9; Judges 6:34; 1 Sam. 10:6, 9-11; Psalm 51:10-13; 143:10; Isa. 34:16; 59:19-21; 63:14; Ezek. 36:25-27; 37:12-14; 39:29; John 3:5-8; 7:38-39; Acts 1:5, 8; 2:1-4; Rom. 1:3-4; 8:1-2, 9-17, 26-27; 1 Cor. 3:16; 6:9-11, 19; 12:3-13; 2 Cor. 1:21-22; 5:5; Eph. 1:13-14, 17-18; 2:18-22; 4:30; 5:18; 2 Thess. 2:13; Tit. 3:5).

The Holy Spirit is further said to be the One who inspires and speaks through the prophets and apostles. (Cf. Num. 24:1-3; Neh. 9:30; Isa. 11:1-2; 42:1; Mic. 3:8; Zech. 7:12; Matt. 10:19-20; Mark 12:36; 13:11; John 14:26; 16:12-13; Acts 1:2, 16; 5:32; 15:28; 1 Cor. 2:13; Eph. 3:5; 1 Pet. 1:10-12; 2 Pet. 1:20-21).

It is therefore evident that the inspired Biblical authors believed that the Holy Spirit is Yahweh God.

At the same time, however, the Scriptures testify that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father and the Son:

“But you are not in the flesh, you are in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him. But if Christ is in you, although your bodies are dead because of sin, your spirits are alive because of righteousness. If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will give life to your mortal bodies also through his Spirit which dwells in you. So then, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh — for if you live according to the flesh you will die, but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body you will live. For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God. For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the spirit of sonship. When we cry, ‘Abba! Father!’ it is the Spirit himself bearing witness with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, then heirs, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.” Romans 8:9-16

Believers, according to Paul, are those who have the Spirit of God dwelling within them. Yet having the Spirit of God not only means that the faithful are empowered by and in fellowship with the Spirit of Christ, it also means that Christ himself is actually indwelling them!

“But when the time had fully come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons. And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, ‘Abba! Father!’ So through God you are no longer a slave but a son, and if a son then an heir.” Galatians 4:4-7

It is the Spirit of God’s Son that gives us the right to call God our Father.

“Yes, and I shall rejoice. For I know that through your prayers and the help of the Spirit of Jesus Christ this will turn out for my deliverance, as it is my eager expectation and hope that I shall not be at all ashamed, but that with full courage now as always Christ will be honored in my body, whether by life or by death.” Philippians 1:19-20

The Spirit of Jesus helped Paul to face and overcome his trials.

“The prophets who prophesied of the grace that was to be yours searched and inquired about this salvation; they inquired what person or time was indicated by the Spirit of Christ within them when predicting the sufferings of Christ and the subsequent glory. It was revealed to them that they were serving not themselves but you, in the things which have now been announced to you by those who preached the good news to you through the Holy Spirit sent from heaven, things into which angels long to look.” 1 Peter 1:10-12

The OT prophets spoke concerning the passion and glory of Christ because the Spirit of Christ was living within them, prophesying his coming.

What makes Peter’s assertion all the more amazing (in fact astonishing!) is that the OT says that the prophets spoke by the Spirit of Yahweh!

“For many years you were patient with them. By your Spirit you admonished them through your prophets. Yet they paid no attention, so you handed them over to the neighboring peoples.” Nehemiah 9:30

“They made their hearts as hard as flint and would not listen to the law or to the words that Yahweh of hosts had sent by his Spirit through the earlier prophets. So Yahweh of hosts was very angry.” Zechariah 7:12

This not only demonstrates the perfect unity of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, it also provides further confirmation that Jesus Christ is Yahweh God since the Holy Spirit is Yahweh’s Spirit and belongs only to him. The Hebrew Bible never says that the Holy Spirit belongs to Yahweh and someone else. It consistently teaches that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Yahweh alone.

What this logically shows is that Jesus is Yahweh God!

  1. The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Yahweh and belongs to him.
  2. The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Jesus Christ, God’s Son.
  3. Jesus is therefore Yahweh God.

The following text is one we already mentioned but is worth quoting again since it not only shows that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Christ, but also identifies both Christ and the Spirit as Yahweh God!

“The ministry that brought death, and that was engraved in written form on stone, was inaugurated with such glory that the Israelites could not keep their eyes on Moses, even though the glory on his face was soon to fade. How much greater, then, must be the glory of the ministry of the Spirit! If glory accompanied the ministry that brought condemnation, how much richer in glory must be the ministry that brings acquittal! Indeed, the glory that once was is now no glory at all; it is outshone by a still greater glory. For if what was to fade away had its glory, how much greater is the glory of what endures! With such a hope as this we speak out boldly; it is not for us to do as Moses did; he put a veil over his face to keep the Israelites from gazing at the end of what was fading away. In any case their minds had become closed, for the SAME veil is there to this very day when the lesson is read from the old covenant; and indeed it is never lifted because ONLY in Christ is it taken away. Indeed to this very day, every time the law of Moses is read, a veil lies over the mind of the reader. But (as scripture says) ‘Whenever he turns to the Lord the veil is removed.’ Now the Lord of whom this passage speaks is the Spirit; and where the Spirit OF the Lord is, there is liberty. And because for us there is no veil over the face, we all see in a mirror the glory of the Lord, and we are being transformed into his likeness with ever-increasing glory, through the power of the Lord who is the Spirit.” 2 Corinthians 3:7-18 (The Oxford Study Bible: Revised English Bible with Apocrypha)

In this reference Paul claims that there is a spiritual veil which prevents people from believing the Gospel of Christ, and that one must therefore to turn to Christ the Lord in order for him to remove the veil by his Spirit, who is also the Lord. Thus, Paul calls both Christ and the Spirit the Lord!

The Apostle then alludes to the following OT reference to prove his point:

“Yahweh said to Moses, ‘Chisel out two stone tablets like the first ones, and I will write on them the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke. Be ready in the morning, and then come up on Mount Sinai. Present yourself to me there on top of the mountain. No one is to come with you or be seen anywhere on the mountain; not even the flocks and herds may graze in front of the mountain.’ So Moses chiseled out two stone tablets like the first ones and went up Mount Sinai early in the morning, as Yahweh had commanded him; and he carried the two stone tablets in his hands. Then Yahweh came down in the cloud and stood there with him and proclaimed his name, Yahweh. And he passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, ‘Yahweh, Yahweh, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness, maintaining love to thousands, and forgiving wickedness, rebellion and sin. Yet he does not leave the guilty unpunished; he punishes the children and their children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation.’ Moses bowed to the ground at once and worshiped… When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the Testimony in his hands, he was not aware that his face was radiant because he had spoken with Yahweh. When Aaron and all the Israelites saw Moses, his face was radiant, and they were afraid to come near him. But Moses called to them; so Aaron and all the leaders of the community came back to him, and he spoke to them. Afterward all the Israelites came near him, and he gave them all the commands Yahweh had given him on Mount Sinai. When Moses finished speaking to them, he put a veil over his face. But whenever he entered Yahweh's presence to speak with him, he removed the veil until he came out. And when he came out and told the Israelites what he had been commanded, they saw that his face was radiant. Then Moses would put the veil back over his face until he went in to speak with Yahweh.” Exodus 34:1-8, 29-35

According to the above passage, Moses’ face radiated with the glory of Yahweh to such an extent that he had to veil himself for the sake of the Israelites who could not withstand it. However, Moses would remove the veil whenever he would speak with Yahweh.

Astonishingly, Paul has taken this very reference and applied it to the spiritual veil which hindered the Israelites of his day (and even till now) from seeing the glory of Christ, one which can only be taken away by turning to Christ the Lord for salvation! Yet, in saying this, Paul hereby identifies Christ as Yahweh since, according to the OT passage which Paul cited, the Lord with whom Moses conversed, and in whose presence he would remove his veil, was actually Yahweh God!

In other words, by saying that the veil which covers the minds of the Israelites is only removed when they turn to Christ the Lord, Paul is claiming that Jesus is Yahweh since the passage which he cites from emphatically states that Moses would remove his veil whenever he would turn to speak with Yahweh! Thus, just as Moses’ veil was removed whenever he went to speak with Yahweh, the spiritual veil which hinders people from believing in the Gospel is only removed when they turn to Christ the Lord.

But that’s not all. The blessed and holy Apostle not only identifies Christ as Yahweh, he also says that it was actually the Spirit of the Lord Christ who appeared to Moses as Yahweh! Thus, Christ who is Yahweh sent his Spirit who is also Yahweh to speak to Moses!

To summarize what Paul is saying here:

According to Paul, Christ is the Lord or Yahweh who removes the spiritual veil from those who turn to him.

Paul further says the Spirit is the Spirit of the Lord, who in the context is Christ.

This means that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Christ.

At the same time Paul claims that when Moses in Exodus 34 spoke to Yahweh he was actually conversing with the Spirit of the Lord since the Spirit is the Lord, meaning Yahweh!

Therefore, according to this blessed and inspired Apostle both Christ and the Spirit are Yahweh God!

The Holy Spirit is also grouped with the Father and the Son in contexts that indicate their essential coequality, such as in the following passage.

“Now the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to which Jesus had directed them. And when they saw him they worshiped him; but some doubted. And Jesus came and said to them, ‘All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the NAME of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, to the end of the age.’” Matthew 28:16-20

In this particular text we see that Jesus receives worship from all of his disciples and claims to have total and complete sovereignty over the entire creation. Christ also promises his followers that he will personally (but not physically) be with all of them till the end of the age, which is a claim to being omnipresent.

Jesus further commands that all of his disciples be baptized into the single Name belonging to the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The fact that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit possess one and the same Name implies that they all share in the same Divine essence fully and equally.

Moreover, by being baptized into the name of the Trinity a believer is essentially coming under the authority and rule of all three Divine Persons. The act of baptism is intended to show that a person is binding himself to the worship and service of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, committing oneself to wholeheartedly obey all three of them fully and completely. This again presupposes their essential coequality since God will not tolerate or allow any person to be fully committed to the authority or rule of some other person besides God.

Here is another reference where the essential unity of the three Divine Persons is presupposed:

“Therefore I want you to understand that no one speaking by the Spirit of God ever says ‘Jesus be cursed!’ and no one can say ‘Jesus is Lord’ except by the Holy Spirit. Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord; and there are varieties of working, but it is the same God who works all things in every one. To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. To one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as HE wills.” 1 Corinthians 12:3-11

According to the blessed Apostle, the spiritual gifts which Christians receive are distributed by God the Father, Jesus Christ the Lord, and the Holy Spirit. Paul further says that it is God and the Holy Spirit who empower the body of Christ through the gifts that they give to each individual member.

What this assumes is that God, Christ, and the Spirit are omnipresent, omnipotent, and omniscient and therefore coequal in essence! Otherwise how could they be able to give various spiritual gifts to specific individuals within the Church and enable them to exercise those gifts no matter where they happen to be?

In fact, some of these gifts such as wisdom, knowledge, healing, and miracles require that the three Divine Persons be all-knowing and all-powerful.

Here is another Pauline passage which presupposes that God, Christ and the Spirit have all of the omni-attributes of God.

“Finally, brethren, farewell. Mend your ways, heed my appeal, agree with one another, live in peace, and the God of love and peace will be with you. Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the saints greet you. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.” 2 Corinthians 13:14

Again, in order for Christ to be able to grant favor to all the Christians he must be omnipresent and omnipotent. The same is true for God and the Holy Spirit, e.g. the only way that God can grant love to all the believers and for the Holy Spirit to be able to cause the faithful to experience fellowship with God and with one another is if they are both omnipresent and omnipotent.

And now to our final text:

“Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To the exiles of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, according to the foreknowledge of God the Father and sanctified by the Spirit for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood: May grace and peace be multiplied to you.” 1 Peter 1:1-2

Here the work of redemption is attributed to all three Divine Persons: the Father who foreknows or chooses people for salvation, the Holy Spirit who sets them apart for obedience to Christ, and Christ who sprinkles or cleanses them from their sins by his blood.

This isn’t the only reference to the Spirit sanctifying people for salvation:

“Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither the immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor sexual perverts, nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor robbers will inherit the kingdom of God. And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.” 1 Corinthians 6:9-11

“But we ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers beloved by the Lord, because God chose you as the firstfruits to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth.” 2 Thessalonians 2:13

The Spirit’s work of sanctifying believers once again presupposes his absolute Deity since it requires that the Spirit be present wherever the believers are and to have the power to transform them from their former sinful ways into individuals who eagerly desire to obey Christ.

Thus, not only is the Holy Spirit fully Divine according to the God-breathed revelation he is also in complete union with the Father and the Son, being able to do all that they can do, and enjoys perfect fellowship with them.

In fact, there are so many other NT verses to the Father (God), Son (Christ), and Holy Spirit (Spirit) working together that to say that the NT is soaked with Trinitarian language would be a wild understatement! (Cf. Luke 1:35; 3:21-22; 4:1-12; John 4:10-25; 7:37-39; 14-16; 20:21-22; Acts 1:4-8; 2:33, 38-39; 5:3-4, 9, 30-32; 7:55-56; 10:36-38, 44-48; 11:15-18; 15:8-11; 20:28; Rom. 1:1-4; 5:5-10; 2 Cor. 1:19-22; 3:6-8; Gal. 3:8-14; 4:4-7; Eph. 1:3-17; 2:18, 21-22; 3:14-19; 4:4-6, 29-32; 5:18-20; Phil. 3:3; 1 Thess. 1:3-6; 2 Thess. 2:13-14; Tit. 3:4-6; Heb. 2:3-4; 9:14; 10:28-31; 1 John 3:21-24; 4:13-14; Jude 20-21; Rev. 2:18, 27-29).

Here is a summary of what we have discovered concerning the Biblical witness to God’s Triunity.

  1. The prophetic writings proclaim that Yahweh is the only Lord God.
  2. The Holy Bible identifies the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit as Yahweh God.
  3. At the same time the inspired Scriptures are equally clear that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are personally distinct from one another.
  4. Therefore, the God-breathed revelation testifies that Israel’s one God is tri-Personal.

Further Reading