that man is nought but a feeble form and a rolling ball and the sport of pain and trouble.
(7) Aristarchus of Tegea flourished about 450 B.C., and was thus a little before Plato. He is reported to have said
that philosophers knew no more about divine things than the common herd, and that any one who pretended to know more
about them than others was thereby known to be puffed up with pride.
If we now turn to a few of the philosophers who lived after the birth of the Lord Jesus Christ but who were not
Christians, we find some of them also speaking of man's wickedness and of his need of a divine revelation of some kind
to enable him to know the truth and the will of God. We select for reference only two of these men. Plutarch and
(1) Plutarch was born A.D. 50 and died about A.D. 119 or 120. He wrote many Greek books and taught philosophy at
Rome. He held that evil longings are found in man from his birth, and that they did not enter into him only after being
born. He thought that, if a man were not warned and corrected, he would probably be more savage than the wild beasts.
(2) Porphyry, the Tyrian, was born A.D. 233 and died about A.D. 304. The Christian faith was in his time preached in
many lands and accepted by large numbers of people, but Porphyry opposed it with all his might and wrote books against