These are they for whom
there is no portion in the next life but fire: and that which they
have done shall perish therein; vain will that be which they have
What! (shall such a one be equal unto him) who proceedeth upon
a plain direction from his Lord; and a witness from him (i.e. from
the Lord) attendeth him, and before him (or it) is the
Book of Moses a guide and a mercy.
In drawing a picture between the wicked who shall perish, and the true
believer, it is prominently noticed that the latter is a follower of Mahomet (or
of the Corân,) preceded by the Book of Moses, which is a Guide and a Mercy.
This entirely coincides with the honourable and reverent mention of the
Scriptures throughout the Corân.
XXXIISURA XI., v. 3.
وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ
فَاخْتُلِفَ فِيهِ وَلَوْلاَ كَلِمَةٌ سَبَقَتْ مِن رَّبِّكَ لَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ
وَإِنَّهُمْ لَفِي شَكٍّ مِّنْهُ مُرِيبٍ
And verily We gave Moses the book, and they fell to variance regarding it. And
had not the word gone forth from thy Lord, surely the matter had been decided
between them; and verily they are in perplexing doubt concerning the same.
A testimony to the divine origin of the Book of Moses. For the rest see
remarks on the passage quoted in Art. XXIV., with which the text corresponds.
TESTIMONY TO THE HOLY SCRIPTURES.
XXIII.SURA X., v. 37[-38].
And this Corân is not such that it could have been fabricated by other
than God; but it is an attestation of that (i.e. of those Scriptures)
which precede it, and an explanation of the book,there is no doubt
therein,from the Lord of creation.
What! will they say, he (Mahomet) hath forged it? Say,then
bring a Sura like unto it.
When accused of fabricating the Corân, Mahomet, as on other
occasions, appeals to the argument that it cannot be so, because the
Corân is an attestation of the previous Scriptures.
"An attestation of that which is before it" (lit.,
between its hands,) viz; "of the Scriptures preceding
الذي بين يديه من الكتب
Jelalooddeen; or, "corresponding with the divine
books that precede it,"
مطابق لما تقدمه من الكتب الألهية
Such reference to the Corân, as confirming the preceding divine
books, or corresponding with their contents, forms a virtual appeal to
the books themselves as in the hands of the "People of the
book," and easily accessible to the inhabitants of Mecca; and is
inconsistent with any other supposition but that those Scriptures were
held by Mahomet to be divine, authentic, and uncorrupted.