148 The CORÂN

of that day (ما معهم ) is thus confirmed and attested by the Corân.

LXXVII.—SURA II., v. 97[92].

سورة البقرة

وَلَقَدْ جَاءكُم مُّوسَى بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ ثُمَّ اتَّخَذْتُمُ الْعِجْلَ مِن بَعْدِهِ وَأَنتُمْ ظَالِمُونَ

And verily Moses came unto you with evident signs (or revelations;) then ye took the calf, &c.

This relates to the worship of the golden calf by the Children of Israel, and is followed by an account of the giving of the law on Mount Sinai.


سورة البقرة

قُلْ مَن كَانَ عَدُوًّا لِّجِبْرِيلَ فَإِنَّهُ نَزَّلَهُ عَلَى
قَلْبِكَ بِإِذْنِ اللّهِ مُصَدِّقاً لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَهُدًى
وَبُشْرَى لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

For he (Gabriel) hath caused it (the Corân) to descend upon thy heart, by the command of God, attesting that (Scripture) which is before it, and a direction and good tidings to the believers.

"That which is before it, i.e. the preceding Books," ما بين يديه قبله من الكتب Jelalooddeen.

The Corân thus uniformly, and at every stage, confirms the Scriptures revealed before it, as then extant in the hands of the Jews and Christians.

LXXIX.—SURA II., v. 101.

سورة البقرة

وَلَمَّا جَاءهُمْ رَسُولٌ مِّنْ عِندِ اللّهِ مُصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَهُمْ نَبَذَ فَرِيقٌ مِّنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْكِتَابَ كِتَابَ اللّهِ وَرَاء ظُهُورِهِمْ كَأَنَّهُمْ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

And when a prophet came unto them from God, attesting that (Scripture) which is with them, a party of those who have received the Scripture cast the Book of God behind their backs, as if they knew it not.

"A prophet, i.e. Jesus or Mahomet."—Baidhâwi. "Mahomet."—Jelalooddeen. Mahomet is evidently intended.

"The Book of God, i.e. the Pentateuch," كتاب الله أي التوراةJelalooddeen and Baidhâwi.

Mahomet calve to the Jews, attesting their Scriptures and professing to be the prophet whose coming was foretold in them. Yet the Jews rejected him,—thus casting "The Book of God," i.e. their own Scripture, behind their backs.

The text contains direct and unequivocal testimony to the divine origin and authority of "The Book of God," كتاب الله —the Old Testament as then existing among the Jews.

LXXX.—SURA II., v. 113.

سورة البقرة

وَقَالَتِ الْيَهُودُ لَيْسَتِ النَّصَارَى عَلَىَ شَيْءٍ وَقَالَتِ النَّصَارَى لَيْسَتِ الْيَهُودُ عَلَى شَيْءٍ وَهُمْ يَتْلُونَ الْكِتَاب