Commentary,"Recognize him; that is, Mahomet, by the
description of him in their book,"أي محمد بنعته في كتابهم
Jelalooddeen, "Recognize him; that is, recognize the
prophet of God by the description of him mentioned in the Tourât and the
Gospel. As they recognize their own sons, that is, by their
individual marks. They who have destroyed their own souls, that
is, from amongst the people of the book and the idolaters, they do not
يعرفونه يعرفون رسول الله بحليته المذكورة في التوراة والأنجيل كما يعرفون أبناءهم بحلالهم الذين خسروا أنفسهم من أهل الكتاب والمشركين فهم لا يؤمنون
See the notes on previous Articles VII. and XIII., where a similar
recognition is spoken of. It is quite evident that Mahomet thus
repeatedly refers to the Jewish and Christian Scriptures,through their
possessors, the Jews and Christians of his day,as containing evidence
in favour of his claim and doctrines; and that such reference is
uniformly made as to authentic and uncorrupted writings, without any hint
or suspicion of their having been tampered with.
XXXVI.-SURA VI., V. 90.
TESTIMONY TO THE HOLY SCRIPTURES.
These are they to whom We have
given the book, and wisdom, and prophecy, and if these (the Coreish)
disbelieve the same, verily We have given it in trust unto a people who
are not disbelievers therein.
These are they whom God hath guided; wherefore persevere in the guidance
The people referred to in the opening Words are the Jews and Christians.
The preceding verses contain an enumeration of the chief patriarchs of
the Israelites and Christians, from Abraham to Jesus, including
"David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, Aaron, Zacharias, John,"
&c., With "their fathers, offspring, and brethren." The
text proceeds:"These are they to whom We have given the Book, and
Wisdom, and Prophecy; and if these (the people of Mecca,
Jelalooddeen; the Coreish, Baidhâwi,) reject the same, verily We
have made (or shall make) it over to a people who will not be
"The Book, meaning the Scripture generally,"
الكتاب يريد به الجنس
We have made it over, that is, its guardianship or care,"
وكلنا بها أي بمراعتها
"we have committed the custodianship over it,"
وكلنا بها أرصدنا لها
The persons thus constituted the guardians of the Scriptures of the
Old and New Testaments, are variously supposed to be the followers of the
Jewish and Christian prophets before specified, or the followers of
Mahomet;"and these are the prophets aforesaid and those that are
their followers; or, as others say, the followers or companions of
Mahomet; or all that