mission; whereas in the Qur'an, on the contrary, the occurrence of Muhammad's miracles is denied,
1 while Christ's are acknowledged.2
Here we may state concisely some other great differences between Christ's miracles and those
which the Traditions ascribe to Muhammad.
"There 3 is satisfactory evidence that many, professing to be the original
witnesses of the Christian miracles, passed their lives in labours, dangers, and sufferings,
voluntarily undergone in attestation of the accounts which they delivered, and solely in consequence
of their belief in those accounts; and that they also submitted, from the same motives, to new rules
There is no satisfactory evidence that persons professing to be the original witnesses of
Muhammad's reported miracles have ever acted in the same manner, in attestation of the accounts
which they delivered, and properly in consequence of their belief in these accounts.
The compilation of Muhammadan Traditions took place at so late a date, and their contents are in
many cases so strange, that no scholar can rely upon them with any certainty with regard to
miracles, though they may be more reliable in reference to other matters connected with Muhammad.
The statements about such subjects made in the Mishkat, the Hayatu'l Yaqin, the 'Ainu'l
Hayat, and in still more popular books circulated among both Sunnis and Shi'ites, are so very
extraordinary that they cast doubt upon all the Traditions. For instance, it is said that virgins
grow up out of the ground, like roses, on the banks of the rivers of Paradise, and are gathered by
Muslims at their pleasure. We are told that in Paradise birds ready cooked descend upon tables, and
fly away again when the Muslims have eaten of them as much as they desire. It is said that, when God
wished to create Adam, He sent Gabriel to bring a handful of clay from